The History of Chinese Calligraphy
The Republic 1911 -
|The drive of modernization toward nationhood in twentieth century China brought the fall of Qing dynasty. It was the beginning of chaos of revolution until 1949 when the nation settled in pease. |
The calligraphic groups While the fad in stone inscriptions still dominated Chinese calligraphy during the early years of republic China, the calligraphers with different views formed their own circles in 1. art, 2. politics, 3. celebrities, 4. education, and 5. publishing.
|Wu Changshi (1844 - 1927) 1 |
|Kang Youwei (1858 - 1927) 2 |
Ink on rice paper.
|Zheng Xiaoxu (1860 - 1938) 3 |
Prose on Rice Paper Fan
|Li Ruiqing (1867 - 1920) 4 |
|Yu Youren (1879 - 1964) 5 |
|The influence of New Culture Movement. When the Western powers acquiesced to Japan's gains in China in the Versailles Treaty of 1919, aroused Chinese students, merchants, and workers organized nationwide demonstrations. The expression of nationalism, known as the New Culture Movement, eventually exploded into an intellectual revolution, championing democracy while condemning imperialism. |
Along with the introduction of Western civilization was the convenient fountain pen, which unexpectedly led Chinese calligraphy into a blind alley. When Chinese brush lost its direct connection to Chinese literature, the social resonance which once nourished the art faded away too. For many decades which followed, the puzzled calligraphers were ready to seize any novelty and claim it a style. It was not until 1980s when the feedback of Japanese calligraphy and admiration of American Abstract Expressionism opened up a new prospect in contemporary Chinese calligraphy.
|Shen Yinmuo (1883 - 1971) |
Poem of Lu You
|Deng Sanmu (1898 - 1963) |
Poem of Li Bai
|Lin Sanzhi (1898 - 1989) |
|Qi Gong (1914 - 2005) |
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